# Difference between Inductor and Capacitor

In this article we will know about the difference between inductor and capacitor. We know about the Capacitor and inductor main difference.

## Difference between Inductor and Capacitor

### Capacitor

1. Inductor stores energy in form of magnetic field .
Capacitor stores energy in form of electric field which is main difference between inductor and capacitor.
2.  Inductor is a coil part which stores electrical energy in form of magnetic field.
Capacitor is a device which stores electrical energy in form of electric field.
3. Inductor is a simply coil which stores energy in magnetic field.
Capacitor is made of two conductor which is separated by dielectric.
4. When an inductor is connected to an electric circuit, a current flows through the coils in the conductor
When a capacitor is connected to an electric circuit it start to  store electrical energy.
5. Inductor stores energy is
E = ½ C ,
C is capacitance, V is  voltage
Capacitor stores energy is
E = ½ L L is inductor , I is current of coil
The inductor is an electrical component used to oppose changes in current in the electrical and electronic circuits
The capacitor is an electrical component used to oppose change in current in the electrical and electronics.
7. these are passive element
These are also passive element
8. the inductor storing magnetic flux.
The capacitor is storing charge. it is main difference between inductor and capacitor
9. A component that follows that I = Cx dV/dt.
A component that follows that V = Lx dI/dt.
10. A capacitor will hold charge and discharge current at a set rate.
In case of inductor will induct (create) electricity through magnetic fields caused by running current through a cable with a conductive coil wrapped around it.

#### Capacitor Working

Capacitor is a passive electrical component , which is made up by two conductors. Between two conductors insulator is filled. When potential difference is applied to the plates , an electric field is generate and charge is stored. As a insulator many dielectric materials are used ( myler, porcelain, mica) are generally used. Dielectric material is used for storing the energy. On bases of use of material capacitor type defined.  capacitor is used widely in electronics and electrical circuits. Type of capacitors are film type, electrolyte type and variable type  capacitors. difference between inductor and capacitor

#### Working of Inductor

Inductor is also a passive electrical component. Inductor or chokeis both is same. Inductor generally a twisted into coil. When current flow through the inductor magnetic field is generated and it stored charge according to its rating. Inductor behave as short circuit to the DC current and oppose alternative current. Oppose to the direct current is based on frequency of supply. Inductor used in tv, radio as filter in electronics circuit. In transformer for making winding, in automobile for generating spark for starting fuel combustion process etc.

### Difference between capacitor and inductor

1) Unit of measurement for capacitance is fared and for inductance is Henry.

2) Main type of capacitors are ceramic, tantalum, electrolyte and type of inductor are multilayer inductor, molded inductor, and ceramic inductor.

3) For DC current inductor behave as short circuit and capacitors behave as open circuit. And for AC current inductor behaves as open circuit and capacitors behave as short circuit.

4) capacitors resist change in voltage and current does not pass through it but inductor resist change in current.

5) Capacitors use at high frequency and inductors are used at low frequency supply. Both are used in filter circuit for filtering noise and unwanted signals Hence these are basic difference between inductor and capacitor. We have studied about working of inductor and capacitor . We have also know about that application of inductor and capacitor. If you will find any incorrect in above article you must comment below in comment box.